Editorial by Howard Nema
Here in America there is a shadowy clandestine network manning the political, socio-economic and cultural levers of Our society. They hide in plain sight, but dismiss any inkling of the fact that they are indeed the appointed rulers of America from behind the scenes.
For example, JP Morgan is falsely recorded in history as having been the wealthiest banker who saved the U.S. economy after the panic of 1907. Nothing could be further from the truth.
JP Morgan was a puppet to the Rothschild banking cartel who soon gained control of the U.S money supply by creating the Federal Reserve Crime Syndicate and the Waffen SS Internal Revenue Savages.
Our leaders, in business and politics are merely figure heads, puppets of their owners who operate behind the scenes.
Gates and Buffett are being propagandized as the wealthiest people on the planet, which is laughable, since Evelyn De Rothschild and other Illuminati financiers and central bank owners are trillionaires.
Yet another deception to keep the sheople in line and prevent them from seeing who is operating behind the scenes. Like in the Wizard of Oz, “pay no attention to man behind the curtain”, when the man behind the curtain is holding the puppet strings. So how did all of this happen?
In 1996 Kris Millegan produced an incredibly well researched and accurate account of the Skull and Bones Brotherhood of Death that I have personally verified as true and accurate.
Below is that account along with some of my own commentary:
The Secret Origins of Skull & Bones
The story begins at Yale, where three threads of American social history — espionage, drug smuggling and secret societies — intertwine into one.
Elihu Yale was born near Boston, educated in London, and served with the British East India Company, eventually becoming governor of Fort Saint George, Madras, in 1687. He amassed a great fortune from trade and returned to England in 1699.
Yale became known as quite a philanthropist; upon receiving a request from the Collegiate School in Connecticut, he sent a donation and a gift of books. After subsequent bequests, Cotton Mather suggested the school be named Yale College, in 1718.
A statue of Nathan Hale stands on Old Campus at Yale University. There is a copy of that statue in front of the CIA’s headquarters in Langley, Virginia. Yet another stands in front of Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts (where George H.W. Bush (’48) went to prep school and joined a secret society at age twelve).
Nathan Hale, along with three other Yale graduates, was a member of the “Culper Ring,” one of America’s first intelligence operations. Established by George Washington, it was successful throughout the Revolutionary War.
Nathan was the only operative to be ferreted out by the British, and after speaking his famous regrets, he was hanged in 1776. Ever since the founding of the Republic, the relationship between Yale and the “Intelligence Community” has been unique.
In 1823, Samuel Russell established Russell and Company for the purpose of acquiring opium in Turkey and smuggling it to China. Russell and Company merged with the Perkins (Boston) syndicate in 1830 and became the primary American opium smuggler. Many of the great American and European fortunes were built on the “China”(opium) trade.
One of Russell and Company’s Chief of Operations in Canton was Warren Delano, Jr., grandfather of Franklin Roosevelt. Other Russell partners included John Cleve Green (who financed Princeton), Abiel Low (who financed construction of Columbia), Joseph Coolidge and the Perkins, Sturgis and Forbes families. (Coolidge’s son organized the United Fruit company, and his grandson, Archibald C. Coolidge, was a co-founder of the Council on Foreign Relations.)
William Huntington Russell (’33), Samuel’s cousin, studied in Germany from 1831-32. Germany was a hotbed of new ideas. The “scientific method” was being applied to all forms of human endeavor. Prussia, which blamed the defeat of its forces by Napoleon in 1806 on soldiers only thinking about themselves in the stress of battle, took the principles set forth by John Locke and Jean Rosseau and created a new educational system.
Johan Fitche, in his “Address to the German People,” declared that the children would be taken over by the State and told what to think and how to think it.
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel took over Fitche’s chair at the University Of Berlin in 1817, and was a professor there until his death in 1831. Hegel was the culmination of the German idealistic philosophy school of Immanuel Kant.
To Hegel, our world is a world of reason. The state is Absolute Reason and the citizen can only become free by worship and obedience to the state. Hegel called the state the “march of God in the world” and the “final end”.
This final end, Hegel said, “has supreme right against the individual, whose supreme duty is to be a member of the state.” Both fascism and communism have their philosophical roots in Hegelianism. Hegelian philosophy was very much in vogue during William Russell’s time in Germany.
When Russell returned to Yale in 1832, he formed a senior society with Alphonso Taft (’33). According to information acquired from a break-in to the “tomb” (the Skull and Bones meeting hall) in 1876, “Bones is a chapter of a corps in a German University…. General Russell, its founder, was in Germany before his Senior Year and formed a warm friendship with a leading member of a German society. He brought back with him to college, authority to found a chapter here.” So class valedictorian William H. Russell, along with fourteen others, became the founding members of “The Order of Scull and Bones,” later changed to “The Order of Skull and Bones”.
The secretive Order of Skull and Bones exists only at Yale. Fifteen juniors are “tapped” each year by the seniors to be initiated into next year’s group. Some say each initiate is given $15,000 and a grandfather clock. Far from being a campus fun-house, the group is geared more toward the success of its members in the post-collegiate world.
The family names on the Skull and Bones roster roll off the tongue like an elite party list — Lord, Whitney, Taft, Jay, Bundy, Harriman, Weyerhaeuser, Pinchot, Rockefeller, Goodyear, Sloane, Stimson, Phelps, Perkins, Pillsbury, Kellogg, Vanderbilt, Bush, Lovett and so on.
William Russell went on to become a general and a state legislator in Connecticut. Alphonso Taft was appointed U.S. Attorney General, Secretary of War (a post many “Bonesmen” have held), Ambassador to Austria, and Ambassador to Russia (another post held by many “Bonesmen”). His son, William Howard Taft (’87), is the only man to be both President of the United States and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
Secrets of the “Tomb”
The Order flourished from the very beginning in spite of occasional squalls of controversy. There was dissension from some professors, who didn’t like its secrecy and exclusiveness. And there was backlash from students, showing concern about the influence “Bones” was having over Yale finances and the favoritism shown to “Bonesmen.”
In October of 1873, Volume 1, Number 1, of The Iconoclast was published in New Haven. It was only published once and was one of very few openly published articles on the Order of Skull and Bones.
From The Iconoclast:
“We speak through a new publication. because the college press is closed to those who dare to openly mention ‘Bones’….
Out of every class Skull and Bones takes its men. They have gone out into the world and have become, in many instances, leaders in society. They have obtained control of Yale. Its business is performed by them. Money paid to the college must pass into their hands, and be subject to their will. No doubt they are worthy men in themselves, but the many, whom they looked down upon while in college, cannot so far forget as to give money freely into their hands. Men in Wall Street complain that the college comes straight to them for help, instead of asking each graduate for his share.
The reason is found in a remark made by one of Yale’s and America’s first men:
‘Few will give but Bones men and they care far more for their society than they do for the college….’
Year by year the deadly evil is growing. The society was never as obnoxious to the college as it is today, and it is just this ill-feeling that shuts the pockets of non-members. Never before has it shown such arrogance and self-fancied superiority. It grasps the College Press and endeavors to rule it all. It does not deign to show its credentials, but clutches at power with the silence of conscious guilt.
To tell the good which Yale College has done would be well nigh impossible. To tell the good she might do would be yet more difficult. The question, then, is reduced to this — on the one hand lies a source of incalculable good — on the other a society guilty of serious and far-reaching crimes. It is Yale College against Skull and Bones!! We ask all men, as a question of right, which should be allowed to live?”
At first, the society held its meetings in hired halls. Then in 1856, the “tomb”, a vine-covered, windowless, brown-stone hall was constructed, where to this day the “Bonesmen” hold their “strange, occultish” initiation rites and meet each Thursday and Sunday.
On September 29, 1876, a group calling itself “The Order of File and Claw” broke into the Skull and Bones’ holy of holies. In the “tomb” they found lodge-room 324 “fitted up in black velvet, even the walls being covered with the material.” Upstairs was lodge-room 322, “the ‘sanctum sanctorium’ of the temple… furnished in red velvet” with a pentagram on the wall. In the hall are “pictures of the founders of Bones at Yale, and of members of the Society in Germany, when the chapter was established here in 1832.” The raiding party found another interesting scene in the parlor next to room 322.
From The Fall Of Skull And Bones:
“On the west wall, hung among other pictures, an old engraving representing an open burial vault, in which, on a stone slab, rest four human skulls, grouped about a fools cap and bells, an open book, several mathematical instruments, a beggar’s scrip, and a royal crown. On the arched wall above the vault are the explanatory words, in Roman letters, ‘We War Der Thor, Wer Weiser, Wer Bettler Oder, Kaiser?’ and below the vault is engraved, in German characters, the sentence; ‘Ob Arm, Ob Beich, im Tode gleich.’
The picture is accompanied by a card on which is written, ‘From the German Chapter. Presented by D. C. Gilman of D. 50’.”
Daniel Coit Gilman (’52), along with two other “Bonesmen,” formed a troika which still influences American life today. Soon after their initiation in Skull and Bones, Daniel Gilman, Timothy Dwight (’49) and Andrew Dickinson White (’53) went to study philosophy in Europe at the University of Berlin. Gilman returned from Europe and incorporated Skull and Bones as Russell Trust, in 1856, with himself as Treasurer and William H. Russell as President. He spent the next fourteen years in New Haven consolidating the order’s power.
Gilman was appointed Librarian at Yale in 1858. Through shrewd political maneuvering, he acquired funding for Yale’s science departments (Sheffield Scientific School) and was able to get the Morrill Land Bill introduced in Congress, passed and finally signed by President Lincoln, after being vetoed by President Buchanan.
This bill, “donating public-lands for State College for agriculture and sciences”, is now known as the Land Grant College Act. Yale was the first school in America to get the federal land scrip and quickly grabbed all of Connecticut’s share at the time. Pleased by the acquisitions, Yale made Gilman a Professor of Physical Geography.
Daniel was the first President of the University of California. He also helped found, and was the first president of, John Hopkins.
Gilman was first president of the Carnegie Institution and involved in the founding of the Peabody, Slater and Russell Sage Foundations.
His buddy, Andrew D. White, was the first president of Cornell University (which received all of New York’s share of the Land Grant College Act), U.S. Minister to Russia, U.S. Ambassador to Berlin and first president of the American Historical Association. White was also Chairman of the American delegation to the first Hague Conference in 1899, which established an international judiciary.
Timothy Dwight, a professor at Yale Divinity School, was installed as president of Yale in 1886. All presidents since, have been either “Bonesmen” or directly tied to the Order and its interests.
The Daniel/Gilman/White trio was also responsible for the founding of the American Economic Association, the American Chemical Society and the American Psychological Association. Through their influences on John Dewey and Horace Mann, this trio continues to have an enormous impact on education today.
Networks of Power
In his book America’s Secret Establishment, Antony Sutton outlined the Order of Skull and Bones’ ability to establish vertical and horizontal “chains of influence” that ensured the continuity of their conspiratorial schemes.
The Whitney-Stimson-Bundy links represent the “vertical chain”.
C. Whitney (’63), who married Flora Payne (of the Standard Oil Payne dynasty), was Secretary of the Navy. His attorney was a man named Elihu Root. Root hired Henry Stimson (’88), out of law school. Stimson took over from Root as Secretary of War in 1911, appointed by fellow Bonesman William Howard Taft. Stimson later became Coolidge’s Governor-General of the Philippine Islands, Hoover’s Secretary of State, and Secretary of War during the Roosevelt and Truman administrations.
Hollister Bundy (’09) was Stimson’s special assistant and point man in the Pentagon for the Manhattan Project. His two sons, also members of Skull and Bones, were William Bundy (’39) and McGeorge Bundy (’40) — both very active in governmental and foundation affairs.
The two brothers, from their positions in the CIA, the Department of Defense and the State Department, and as Special Assistants to Presidents Kennedy and Johnson, exercised significant impact on the flow of information and intelligence during the Vietnam “War.”
William Bundy went on to be editor of Foreign Affairs, the influential quarterly of the Council on Foreign Affairs (CFR). McGeorge became president of the Ford Foundation.
Another interesting group of “Bonesmen” is the Harriman/Bush crowd. Averil Harriman (’13), “Elder Statesman” of the Democratic Party, and his brother Roland Harriman (’17) were very active members. In fact, four of Roland’s fellow “Bonesmen” from the class of 1917 were directors of Brown Brothers, Harriman, including Prescott Bush (’17), George Bush’s dad.
Since the turn of the century, two investment bank firms — Guaranty Trust and Brown Brothers, Harriman — were both dominated by members of Skull and Bones. These two firms were heavily involved in the financing of Communism and Hitler’s regime.
Bonesman share an affinity for the Hegelian ideas of the historical dialectic, which dictates the use of controlled conflict — thesis versus anti-thesis — to create a pre-determined synthesis. A synthesis of their making and design, where the state is absolute and individuals are granted their freedoms based on their obedience to the state — a New World Order.
Funding and political maneuvering on the part of “Bonesmen” and their allies helped the Bolsheviks prevail in Russia. In defiance of federal laws, the cabal financed industries, established banks and developed oil and mineral deposits in the fledgling USSR
Later, Averil Harriman, as minister to Great Britain in charge of Lend-Lease for Britain and Russia, was responsible for shipping entire factories into Russia. According to some researchers, Harriman also oversaw the transfer of nuclear secrets, plutonium and U. S. dollar printing plates to the USSR
In 1932, the Union Banking Corporation of New York City had enlisted four directors from the (’17) cell and two Nazi bankers associated with Fritz Thyssen, who had been financing Hitler since 1924.
From George Bush; The Unauthorized Biography:
“President Franklin Roosevelt’s Alien Property Custodian, Leo T. Crowley, signed Vesting Order Number 248 [11/17/42] seizing the property of Prescott Bush under the Trading with Enemy Act. The order, published in obscure government record books and kept out of the news, Note #4 explained nothing about the Nazis involved; only that the Union Banking Corporation was run for the ‘Thyssen family’ of ‘Germany and/or Hungary’ — ‘nationals … of a designated enemy country.’
By deciding that Prescott Bush and the other directors of the Union Banking Corporation were legally ‘front men for the Nazis’, the government avoided the more important historical issue: In what way ‘were Hitler’s Nazis themselves hired, armed, and instructed by’ the New York and London clique of which Prescott Bush was an executive manager? …
New York Times, December 16, 1944, ran a five-paragraph page 25 article on actions of the New York State Banking Department. Only the last sentence refers to the Nazi bank, as follows: ‘The Union Banking Corporation, 39 Broadway, New York, has received authority to change its principal place of business to 120 Broadway.’
The Times omitted the fact that the Union Banking Corporation had been seized by the government for trading with the enemy, and the fact that 120 Broadway was the address of the government’s Alien Property Custodian.”
After the war, Prescott went on to become a U. S. Senator from Connecticut and favorite golfing partner of President Eisenhower. Prescott claims responsibility for getting Nixon into politics and takes personal credit for bringing Dick on board as Ike’s running mate in 1952.
Name Roster of the Secret Establishment
There were so many “Yalies” in the OSS that Yale’s drinking tune, the “Whiffenpoof Song”, became an “unofficial” song of the OSS. Many in the OSS were “Bonesmen” or belonged to the other Yale senior societies.
Robert Lovett (’18), Harriman’s childhood friend, had been tapped into Skull & Bones by Prescott Bush’s cell of ’17 and was a director at Brown Brothers, Harriman.
Again, from George Bush: The Unauthorized Biography:
“On October 22, 1945, Secretary of War Robert Patterson created the Lovett Committee, chaired by Robert A. Lovett, to advise the government on the post-World War II organization of U.S. intelligence activities…. The new agency would ‘consult’ with the armed forces, but it must be the sole collecting agency in the field of foreign espionage and counterespionage. The new agency should have an independent budget, and its appropriations should be granted by Congress without public hearings. Lovett appeared before the Secretaries of State, War, and Navy on November 14, 1945…. Lovett pressed for a virtual resumption of the wartime Office of Strategic Services (OSS)…. The CIA was established in 1947 according to the prescription of Robert Lovett, of Jupiter Island.”
Gaddis Smith, a history professor at Yale, said, “Yale has influenced the Central Intelligence Agency more than any other university, giving the CIA the atmosphere of a class reunion.” And “Bonesman” have been foremost among the “spooks” building the CIA’s “haunted house.”
Trubee Davison (’18) was Director of Personnel at the CIA in the early years. Some of the other “Bonesmen” connected with the intelligence community are:
Sloane Coffin, Jr. (’49)
Van Dine (’49)
James Buckley (’44)
Bill Buckley (’50)
Hugh Cunnigham (’34)
Hugh Wilson (’09)
Reuben Holden (’40)
Charles R. Walker (’16)
Yale’s ‘unofficial’ Secretary of War, Robert D. French (’10)
Archibald MacLiesh (’15)
Dino Pionzio (’50), CIA Deputy Chief of Station during Allende overthrow
William and McGeorge Bundy
Richard A. Moore (‘3?)
Senator David Boren (’63)
Senator John Kerry (’66)
…and, of course, George Herbert Walker Bush. Bush tapped Coffin, who tapped Buckley.
Some other prominent Bonesmen include:
Henry Luce (’20), Time-Life
John Thomas Daniels (’14), founder Archer Daniels Midland
Gifford Pinchot (’89), President Theodore Roosevelt’s chief forester
Frederick E. Weyerhaeuser (’96)
Harold Stanley (’08), founder of Morgan Stanley, investment banker
Alfred Cowles (’13), Cowles Communication
Henry P. Davison (’20), senior partner Morgan Guaranty Trust
Thomas Cochran (’04) Morgan partner
Senator John Heinz (‘1931)
Pierre Jay (‘1892), first chairman of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York
George Herbert Walker, Jr. (’27), financier and co-founder of the NY Mets
Artemus Gates (’18), President of New York Trust Company, Union Pacific, TIME, Boeing Company
William Draper III (50), the Defense Department, UN and Import-Export Bank
Dean Witter, Jr.(’44), investment banker
Senator Jonathan Bingham (’36)
Potter Stewart (’36), Supreme Court Justice
Senator John Chaffe (’47)
Harry Payne Whitney (’94), husband of Gertrude Vanderbilt, investment banker
Russell W. Davenport (’23), editor Fortune Magazine, created Fortune 500 list
Evan G. Galbraith (’50), Ambassador to France and Managing Director of Morgan Stanley
Richard Gow (’55), president Zapata Oil
Amory Howe Bradford (’34), husband of Carol Warburg Rothschild and general manager for the New York Times.
E. Lord (’49), Comptroller of the Currency
Winston Lord (’59), Chairman of CFR, Ambassador to China and assistant Secretary of State in the Clinton administration
Ever since Nixon re-established America’s political relationship with China, many of our ambassadors to that country have been Bonesmen, including George Bush, the first Chief U. S. Liaison Officer to the Peoples Republic of China.
China and the Opium Wars
Why all this interest in China? Well, China, among other things, is one of the largest producers and users of opiates in the world.
For a while, in the 1800s, the Yankee Clippers in Connecticut and Massachusetts were the fastest ships on the ocean. Speed was crucial to the opium trade; whoever made the trip from Turkey/India to Macao/Hong Kong/Shanghai first got the most for their goods.
During the Opium Wars, the U.S. chose to stand on the sidelines and cheer for the English and French, knowing that treaty obligations would bring the U.S. a share in the spoils. Russell and Company was at times the only trading house operating in Canton and used the opportunity to developed strong commercial ties and handsome profits.
Powerful national interests were behind the drug trade, because American traders were badly in need of some article the Chinese would buy, since by this time the seal breeding grounds had been nearly wiped out. If the Chinese had not bought opium from Americans, then United States imports of silk, porcelain and tea would have to paid in precious coin, which was in short supply. In 1843, when the Port of Shanghai was opened, Russell and Co. was one of its earliest traders.
In 1903, Yale Divinity School set up a program of schools and hospitals in China. Mao Zedong was among the staff. During the intrigues of China in the 1930s and ’40s, American intelligence called upon the resources of “Yale in China”, and George Bush’s cousin and fellow “Bonesman” Reuben Holden.
After stints as UN Ambassador and Chairman of the Republican National Committee for the beleaguered Richard Nixon, George Bush was sent to look after the “China trade”. The Bush family is still very much involved in the economic activities of “Red” China.
Many researchers contend that George Bush has been with CIA since the early 1950s, and that one of his jobs was to consolidate and co-ordinate the worldwide narcotics industry, the largest industry on Earth. Some say that one of the reasons behind the Vietnam “Police Action” was a cover for the consolidation of the “Golden Triangle”.
The War on Drugs: An “Intellectual Fraud”
Before the Vietnam “War”, the Golden Triangle was run by French Intelligence and Corsican mobsters. After the French bailed out and America moved in, the triangle was run by U.S. intelligence, with aid from Sicilian mobsters. This narcotics network is well documented in The Politics of Heroin in S. E. Asia by Alfred McCoy, The Great Heroin Coup by Henrik Kruger and Double-Cross by Sam and Chuck Giancana.
Vice-President George Bush, as Chairman of President Reagan’s cabinet-level working group and as Director of the National Narcotics Interdiction System, was the highest U. S. governmental official involved in the “war on drugs”.
Frances Mullen, Jr., former head of the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA), called Bush’s efforts “an intellectual fraud” and “a liability rather than an asset”. Soon after these statements, Mullen resigned and the resultant General Accounting Office (GAO) report was buried.
In July, 1985, the suppressed GAO paper reported that there were “no benefits from the National Narcotics Border Interdiction System, directed by George Bush. In fact, the overall effect was to encourage supply….”
Monika Jensen-Stevenson, a 60 Minutes producer, quit her job after the CBS news program refused to air the story she had uncovered relating to the covert drug trade. Her book, Kiss The Boys Goodbye, details how our intelligence community used the apparatus of the POW/MIA governmental agencies as a cover for the trafficking of opiates from the Golden Triangle.
President Reagan appointed Reform Party founder and Texas billionaire Ross Perot to the President’s Advisory Council on Foreign Intelligence. Reagan made Perot a special presidential investigator, looking into America’s POW and MIAs from the Vietnam “War”.
Ross took the job to heart and spent considerable time and money in pursuit of the quest. He was given special clearance and access. He asked questions and interviewed everyone he could find.
From Kiss The Boys Goodbye:
“Relations between Bush and Perot had gone downhill ever since the Vice-President had asked Ross Perot how his POW/MIA investigations were going.
‘Well, George, I go in looking for prisoners,’ said Perot, ‘but I spend all my time discovering the government has been moving drugs around the world and is involved in illegal arms deals…. I can’t get at the prisoners because of the corruption among our own people.’
This ended Perot’s official access to the highly classified files as a one-man presidential investigator. ‘I have been instructed to cease and desist,’ he had informed the families of missing men early in 1987.”
The wholesale importation of cocaine into the U.S. during “Iran/Contra” is also well documented. George Bush, is known “to be in the loop” with many of the players keeping in contact directly with his office.
Also, there has been much speculation as to the use of the off-shore rigs, pipelines and other assets of Zapata Offshore being used for narcotic trans-shipments.
Narcotics such as cocaine and heroin cannot be manufactured without the precursor chemicals. One of the largest makers of these precursor chemicals is the Eli Lilly Company of Indianapolis, Indiana. The Quayle family is a large stockholder, and George Bush has been on the Board of Directors. Eli Lilly is also the company that first synthesized LSD for the CIA.
George Bush, Skull & Bones and the JFK Assassination
Rodney Stich’s book Defrauding America tells of a “deep-cover CIA officer” assigned to a counter-intelligence unit, code-named Pegasus. This unit “had tape-recordings of plans to assassinate Kennedy” from a tap on the phone of J. Edgar Hoover. The people on the tapes were “[Nelson] Rockefeller, Allen Dulles, [Lyndon] Johnson of Texas, George Bush and J. Edgar Hoover.”
Could George Bush be involved in the JFK assassination?
In 1963, Bush was living in Houston, busily carrying out his duties as president of the Zapata Offshore oil company. He denied the existence of a note sent by the FBI’s J. Edgar Hoover to “Mr. George Bush of the CIA.” When news of the note surfaced, the CIA first said they never commented on employment questions, but later relented said yes, a “George Bush” was mentioned in the note, but that it was “another” George Bush, not the man who took office in the White House in 1988.
Some intrepid reporters tracked down the “other” George Bush and discovered that he was just a lowly clerk who had shuffled papers for the CIA for about six months. He never received any interagency messages from anybody at the FBI, let alone the Queen Mary.
It is also worth noting that a CIA code word for Bay of Pigs was Operation Zapata, and that two of the support vessels were named Barbara and Houston.
Many say that George Bush was high up on the CIA ladder at the time, running proprietorial vehicles and placed in a position of command, responsible for many of the Cubans recruited into “service” at the time. All through the Iran-Contra affair, Felix Rodriguez, the man who captured and had Che Guevara killed for the CIA, always seemed to call Bush’s office first.
From The Realist (Summer, 1991):
“Bush was working with the now-famous CIA agent, Felix Rodriguez, recruiting right-wing Cuban exiles for the invasion of Cuba. It was Bush’s CIA job to organize the Cuban community in Miami for the invasion…. A newly discovered FBI document reveals that George Bush was directly involved in the 1963 murder of President John Kennedy. The document places marksmen by the CIA. Bush at that time lived in Texas. Hopping from Houston to Miami weekly, Bush spent 1960 and ’61 recruiting Cubans in Miami for the invasion….
George Bush claims he never worked for the CIA until he was appointed Director by former Warren Commission director and then president Jerry Ford in 1976. Logic suggests that is highly unlikely. Of course, Bush has a company duty to deny being in the CIA. The CIA is a secret organization. No one ever admits to being a member. The truth is that Bush has been a top CIA official since before the 1961 invasion of Cuba, working with Felix Rodriguez. Bush may deny his actual role in the CIA in 1959, but there are records in the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba that expose Bush’s role…”
On the Watergate tapes, June 23, 1972, referred to in the media as the ‘smoking gun’ conversation, Nixon and his Chief of Staff, H.R. Haldeman, were discussing how to stop the FBI investigation into the CIA Watergate burglary. They were worried that the investigation would expose their connection to ‘the Bay of Pigs thing.’ Haldeman, in his book The Ends of Power, reveals that Nixon always used code words when talking about the 1963 murder of JFK. Haldeman said Nixon would always refer to the assassination as ‘the Bay of Pigs’.
On that transcript we find Nixon discussing the role of George Bush’s partner, Robert Mosbacher, as one of the Texas fundraisers for Nixon. On the tapes Nixon keeps referring to the ‘Cubans’ and the ‘Texans.’ The ‘Texans’ were Bush, Mosbacher and Baker. This is another direct link between Bush and evidence linking Nixon and Bush to the Kennedy assassination.
Motives for the Conspiracy
So, why would an intelligence agency/secret society want to smuggle drugs and assassinate JFK?
Well, they make a lot of money, and they garner intelligence assets through their participation. There’s also the rationale that the world is a seamy and unseemly place, and if you’re going to be the ‘big boy’ on the block, you better know what’s going on. And what better way of knowing than by running it yourself? There are also some who theorize that the covert drug trade fits with plans to destabilize American families and society. Through demoralizing and fracturing the body politic, they can impose their will using psychological warfare and the political alchemy of the Hegelian dialectic.
James Shelby Downard’s article, Sorcery, Sex, Assassination and the Science of Symbolism, an underground classic, links American historical events with a wild, numerological, grand occult plan “to turn us into cybernetic mystery zombies”. The assassination of JFK, this article contends, was the performance of a public occult ritual called The Killing of the King, designed as a mass-trauma, mind-control assault against our U.S. national body-politic.
During Operation Sunrise, Operation Blowback, Operation Paperclip and others, thousands of Nazi scientists, researchers and administrators were brought to the United States after World War II. Many were “smuggled” into the country against direct, written, orders from President Harry S. Truman.
Project Monarch was the resumption of a mind-control project called Marionette Programming, which started in Nazi Germany. The basic component of the Monarch Program is the sophisticated manipulation of the mind, using extreme trauma to induce Multiple Personality Disorder.
Mr. Downward feels that the perpetrators purposefully murdered JFK in such a way as to affect our National identity and cohesiveness — to fracture America’s soul. Even the blatancy of their conspiracy was designed to show “their superiority” and “our futility”.
There have been studies that show a correlation between the JFK assassination and the rise in violence in society, distrust of government and other extensions of social ills.
The Illuminati: Subverting the Body Politic
Why this attack against our body politic?
In 1785, a bolt of lightning struck a courier en route to Paris from Frankfort-on-the-Main. A tract written by Adam Weishaupt, founder of the Illuminati, Original Shift in Days of Illuminations, was recovered from the dead messenger, containing the secret society’s long-range plan for “The New World Order through world revolution”.
The Bavarian Government outlawed the society and in 1787 published the details of The Illuminati conspiracy in The Original Writings of the Order and Sect of the Illuminati.
In Adam Weishaupt’s own words:
“By this plan, we shall direct all mankind in this manner. And, by the simplest means, we shall set all in motion and in flames. The occupations must be so allotted and contrived that we may, in secret, influence all political transactions.”
There is disagreement among scholars as to whether or not the Illuminati survived its banishment. Nevertheless, the group had been quite successful in attracting members and had allied itself with the extensive Masonic networks.
The Illuminati was publicly founded May 1, 1776 at the University of Ingolstadt by Weishaupt, Professor of Canon Law. It was a very “learned” society; Weishaupt drew the earliest members of his new order from among his students.
On December 5, 1776, students at William and Mary College founded a secret society, Phi Beta Kappa. A second chapter was formed, at Yale, in 1780. The anti-Masonic movement in the United States during the 1820s held groups such as Phi Beta Kappa in a bad light. Because of pressure, the society went public. This is noted by some researchers as the direct cause of the appearance of Yale’s Order of Skull and Bones.
In The Cyclopedia Of Fraternities, a genealogical chart of general Greek-Letter college fraternities in the United States, shows Phi Beta Kappa as “the parent of all the fraternal systems in [American] higher education.” There is only one “side” lineal descendant: the Yale chapter of 1780. The line then continues to Skull and Bones in 1832, and on through the other “only at Yale” senior societies, Scroll & Key and Wolf’s Head.
Phi Beta Kappa is the “first three Greek letters, for ‘Philosophia Biou Kubernetes’ or ‘Love of wisdom, the helmsman of life’.” A skull homophone is scull, a quick, gliding boat and part of Skull & Bones first nomenclature.
John Robison, a professor of natural philosophy at Edinburgh University in Scotland and a member of a Freemason Lodge, said that he was asked to join the Illuminati. After study, he concluded the purposes of the Illuminati were not for him.
In 1798, he published a book called Proofs Of A Conspiracy:
“An association has been formed for the express purpose of rooting out all the religious establishments and overturning all the existing governments…. the leaders would rule the World with uncontrollable power, while all the rest would be employed as tools of the ambition of their unknown superiors.”
Proofs of A Conspiracy was sent to George Washington. Responding to the sender of the book with a letter, the president said he was aware the Illuminati were in America. He felt that the Illuminati had “diabolical tenets” and that their object was “a separation of the People from their government.”
In Proofs Of A Conspiracy, Robison printed the ceremony of initiation of the “Regent degree” in Illuminism. In it “a skeleton is pointed out to him [the initiate], at the feet of which are laid a crown and a sword. He is asked ‘whether that is the skeleton of a king, nobleman or a beggar.’ As he cannot decide, the president of the meeting says to him, ‘The character of being a man is the only one that is importance'”.
This is, essentially, the same as the writing in the Skull & Bones “tomb”:
“Wer war der Thor, wer Weiser, Bettler oder Kaiser? Ob Arm, ob Reich, im Tode gleich.”
“Who was the fool, who the wise man, beggar or king? Whether poor or rich, all’s the same in death.”
Skull & Bones = Illuminati?
Is the Order of the Skull & Bones part of the Illuminati?
When a person is initiated into Skull & Bones, they are given a new name, similar to the practice of the Illuminati. And many recorded Illuminati members can be shown to have contact and/or strong influences with many of the professors that taught “Bonesmen” in Berlin.
When a secret society conspires against the sovereignty of a king, they need to organize, raise funds, make their plans operational, and hopefully bring them to fruition.
Could we have in the United States a secret society that has used the “National Security State” as a cover for their nefarious plans?
From George Bush: The Unauthorized Biography:
“That September , Robert Lovett replaced Marshall as secretary of defense. Meanwhile, Harriman was named director of the Mutual Security Agency, making him the U.S. chief of the Anglo-American military alliance. By now, Brown Brothers, Harriman was everything but commander-in-chief.
A central focus of the Harriman security regime in Washington (1950-53) was the organization of covert operations and ‘psychological warfare.’ Harriman, together with his lawyers and business partners, Allen and John Foster Dulles, wanted the government’s secret services to conduct extensive propaganda campaigns and mass-psychology experiments within the U.S.A., and paramilitary campaigns abroad….
The Harriman security regime created the Psychological Strategy Board (PSB) in 1951. The man appointed director of the PSB [was] Gordon Gray…. Gordon’s brother, R.J. Reynolds chairman Bowman Gray Jr., was also a naval intelligence officer, known around Washington as the ‘founder of operational intelligence.’ Gordon Gray became a close friend and political ally of Prescott Bush; and Gray’s son became for Prescott’s son, George, his lawyer and the shield of his covert policy.”
So you have the Whitney/Stimson/Bundy clan and the Harriman/Bush boys wielding a tremendous amount of influence on the political, economic and social affairs of America and the world. Then you have Prescott Bush’s buddy Richard Nixon as an activist vice-president.
Then, a nation-chilling assassination, some time under LBJ with the Bundy boys keeping things in line, then Nixon as President with “Bonesmen” aides Ray Price (’51) and Richard A. Moore. Some time out for a Trilateralist-Democrat-patsy president, followed by Prescott’s son as an activist vice-president under Reagan. Next, we get a Skull and Bones president who declares a “New World Order” while beating up on his business partner, Saddam Hussein.
After twelve years of Republican administrations, Bush passes the reins to his drug smuggling buddy from Arkansas, Bill Clinton, who studied at Yale Law School. According to some researchers, Clinton was recruited as a CIA operative while a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford. Could this be the “old Hegelian historical dialectic process”?
World History: Plan or Accident?
Will we get another failed Democratic administration? A scandal as disgraceful as Nixon’s fall? When Robert P. Johnson (William Barr) told Clinton in a bunker in Arkansas that “you are our fair-haired boy, but you do have competition for the job you seek. We would never put all our eggs in one basket. You and your state have been our greatest asset…. Mr. Casey wanted me to pass on to you, that unless you fuck up and do something stupid, you are number one on our short list for shot at the job you always wanted.
So, you have William Casey — CIA Director, George Bush’s campaign manager and Sovereign Knight of Malta — speaking through the proxy of George Bush’s last Attorney General to George’s rival in the 1992 federal elections. Is it all just a show and sham for U.S. hoi polloi?
Perhaps so, if there exists the type of control over the electoral process as told by Mae Brussell and the suppressed book VoteScam, written by Jim and Ken Collier:
“…Your vote and mine may now be a meaningless bit of energy directed by preprogrammed computers-which can be fixed to select certain pre-ordained candidates and leave no footprints or paper trail.”
In short, computers are covertly stealing your vote.
For almost three decades the American vote has been subject to government-sponsored electronic theft.
The vote has been stolen from you by a cartel of federal “national security” bureaucrats, who include higher-ups in the Central Intelligence Agency, political party leaders, Congressmen, co-opted journalists — and the owners and managers — of the major Establishment news media, who have decided in concert that how America’s votes are counted, by whom they are counted and how the results are verified and delivered to the public is, as one of them put it, ‘Not a proper area of inquiry.’
By means of an unofficial private corporation named News Election Service (NES), the Establishment press has actual physical control of the counting and dissemination of the vote, and it refuses to let the public know how it is done.”
Is the American electorate subjected to cyclic propaganda, pre-selected candidates and winners, and psychological warfare to alienate Americans from the institutions established to serve them by the Constitution? Are the Democratic and Republican National Parties used for a Hegelian experiment in controlled conflict?
Pamela Churchill Harriman, Averil’s wife, is one of the Democratic Party’s biggest fund-raisers. She once gave Bill a job as director of her “PAM PAC” when he was defeated for governor in 1980. Bill paid her back by appointing her as Ambassador to France.
Another Harriman/Bush friend, Eugene Stetson (’34), was an assistant manager for Prescott Bush at Brown Brothers, Harriman’s New York office. He organized the H. Smith Richardson Foundation. The foundation, in the late 1950s, participated in the MKULTRA, the CIA’s domestic covert psychological warfare operation. The Richardson Foundation helped to finance the testing of psychotropic drugs, including LSD, at Bridgewater Hospital in Massachusetts, the center of some of the most brutal MK-ULTRA experiments.
During the Iran-Contra operations, the H. Smith Richardson Foundation was a “private donors steering committee,” working with the National Security Council to co-ordinate the Office of Public Diplomacy. This was an effort to propagandize in favor of and run cover for the Iran-Contra operations, and to coordinate published attacks on opponents of the program.
The H. Smith Richardson Foundation also runs the Center for Creative Leadership at Langley to “train leaders of the CIA,” as well as another center near Greensboro, North Carolina, that trains CIA and Secret Service Agents. Almost everyone who achieves the military rank of general also gets this training.
This is just the tip of an iceberg. You also have eugenics and population control, suppressed history and technology, yearly retreats, profitable partnerships with brutal dictators, deals with “terrorists”, the involvement of the Knights of Malta, war-mongering and profiteering, mind-control, secret societies for teens, ritual magic and more — all spinning the dark threads in the web of conspiracy that our spinning blue ball has gotten caught in.
We’ve got a whole new crop of “Bonesmen” coming up, including George H.W. Bush’s son George W. Bush (’68), Governor of Texas.
When Don Schollander (’68), the Olympic gold-medalist and only known Skull and Bones member living in Portland, was contacted by Willamette Week reporter John Schrang regarding his involvement in the Order, he said, “It’s really something I can’t talk about.”
Not wouldn’t, but “couldn’t”.
In wake of Antony Sutton’s first ground-breaking exposes of the Order, the Sterling Library at Yale has refused to allow any other researchers access to the Russell Trust papers.
Daniel Gilman, like most Bonesmen, makes no mention of Skull & Bones or the Russell Trust in his memoirs or biographies.
So, are we all just ‘fodder” for a secret society with satanic overtones that is attempting to form a one world government with themselves at the helm? Or is the Order of Skull and Bones just a bunch of frat boys from Yale? Wanna bet your future on it? – Kris Millegan (Editor, Conspiracy Theory Research List)
© Copyright Little Red Hen, 1996
Click here for cited sources and accompanying bibliography
Since Kris Millegan produced the previous well researched and accurate account of the Brotherhood of Death in 1996, new members have emerged.
Until 1971, the organization published annual membership rosters, which were kept at Yale’s library. In this list of notable Bonesmen, the number in parentheses represents the cohort year of Skull and Bones, as well as their graduation year.
There are no official rosters published after 1982. Source: CBS News (October 2, 2003). “Skull And Bones: Secret Yale Society Includes America’s Power Elite”.
Continuing the elite power hidden behind the scenes in Our time we have Skull and Boner Robert William Kagan Class of 1980, co-founder of the Project for the New American Century. Earl G. Graves, Jr. (1984), president of Black Enterprise
Edward S. Lampert (1984), founder of ESL Investments; chairman of Sears Holdings Corporation
James Emanuel Boasberg (1985), judge, United States District Court for the District of Columbia
Paul Giamatti (1989), Academy Award-nominated American actor
Dana Milbank (1990), political reporter for The Washington Post
More revealing is Austan Goolsbee Class of 1991, who is staff director to and chief economist of President Barack Obama‘s Economic Recovery Advisory Board
How’s that for a shadow network of control.
Founding members (1832–33 academic year)
Frederick Ellsworth Mather (1833), Democratic member of the New York State Assembly (1854–1857)
Phineas Timothy Miller (1833), American physician
William Huntington Russell (1833), Connecticut State Legislator, Major General, founder of Skull and Bones and the namesake of the society’s corporate body, the Russell Trust Association
Alphonso Taft (1833), U.S. Attorney General (1876–1877), Secretary of War (1876), Ambassador to Austria-Hungary (1882) and Russia (1884–1885), father of William Howard Taft
George Ingersoll Wood (1833), American clergyman
Asahel Hooker Lewis (1833), newspaper editor and member of the Ohio General Assembly
John Wallace Houston (1834), Secretary of State of Delaware (1841–1844), associate judge Delaware Superior Court (1855–1893)
John Hubbard Tweedy (1834), delegate to the United States Congress from Wisconsin Territory (1847–1848)
William Henry Washington (1834), Whig U.S. Congressman from North Carolina (1841–1843)
John Edward Seeley (1835), US Representative from New York
Thomas Anthony Thacher (1835), Professor of Latin at Yale University (1842–1886)
Henry Champion Deming (1836), U.S. Representative from Connecticut
William Maxwell Evarts (1837), U.S. Secretary of State, Attorney General, Senator, grandson of Roger Sherman
Chester Smith Lyman (1837), astronomer, Yale professor of Industrial Mechanics and Physics
Allen Ferdinand Owen (1837), US Representative from Georgia
Benjamin Silliman, Jr. (1837), Yale professor of chemistry
Morrison Remmick Waite (1837), Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court
Joseph B. Varnum, Jr. (1838), Speaker of the New York State Assembly
Richard Dudley Hubbard (1839), Governor of Connecticut, US Representative
James Mason Hoppin (1840), Professor emeritus at Yale
John Perkins, Jr. (1840), U.S. Representative from Louisiana, and then a senator in the Confederate States Congress
William Taylor Sullivan Barry (1841), U.S. Representative from Mississippi
John Andrew Peters (1842), US Representative from Maine
Benjamin Tucker Eames (1843), US Representative from Rhode Island
Roswell Hart (1843), US Representative from New York
Henry Stevens (1843), bibliographer
Orris Sanford Ferry (1844), US Senator, US Representative, US Brigadier General
William Barrett Washburn (1884), US Senator, Governor of Massachusetts.
Constantine Canaris Esty (1845), US Representative from Massachusetts
Richard Taylor (1845), Confederate General, Louisiana State Senator
Leonard Eugene Wales (1845), US District Court judge
Henry Baldwin Harrison (1846), Governor of Connecticut
Stephen Wright Kellogg (1846), US Representative from Connecticut
Rensselaer Russell Nelson (1846), US District Court judge
John Donnell Smith (1847), botanical researcher, Captain in the Confederate Army
Dwight Foster (1848), Massachusetts Attorney General (1861–64), and a justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court (1866–69)
Augustus Brandegee (1849), US Representative from Connecticut.
Timothy Dwight V (1849), Yale President (1886–1899)
Francis Miles Finch (1849), New York Court of Appeals judge, Cornell University professor
Ellis Henry Roberts (1850), US Representative from New York
Richard Jacobs Haldeman (1851), Democratic member of the US House of Representatives from Pennsylvania
William Wallace Crapo (1852), US Representative from Massachusetts
Daniel Coit Gilman (1852), president of the University of California, Johns Hopkins University, and the Carnegie Institution, founder of the Russell Trust Association
George Griswold Sill (1852), Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut
Andrew Dickson White (1853), cofounder and first President of Cornell University
Luzon Buritt Morris (1854), Governor of Connecticut
William DeWitt Alexander (1855), educator, linguist, and surveyor of Hawaii
Chauncey Depew (1856), Vanderbilt railroad attorney, US Senator
Eli Whitney Blake, Jr. (1857), American scientist and educator, great-nephew of Eli Whitney
John Thomas Croxton (1857), Civil War Brigadier General, United States Ambassador to Bolivia
Moses Coit Tyler (1857), professor of history at Cornell University
Burton Norvell Harrison (1859), private secretary to Jefferson Davis
Eugene Schuyler (1859), US Ambassador, author and translator
Lowndes Henry Davis (1860), US Representative from Missouri
William Walter Phelps (1860), US Representative from New Jersey
Simeon Eben Baldwin (1861), Governor and Chief Justice of the State of Connecticut, son of Roger Sherman Baldwin
Anthony Higgins (1861), US Senator
Edward Rowland Sill (1861), poet, professor at the University of California
Daniel Henry Chamberlain (1862), Governor of South Carolina
Franklin MacVeagh (1862), US Secretary of the Treasury
Henry Farnum Dimock (1863), Whitney family attorney, Director of the Yale Corporation
William Collins Whitney (1863), US Secretary of the Navy
Charles Fraser MacLean (1864), New York Supreme Court judge
John William Sterling (1864), lawyer, co-founder Shearman & Sterling
George Chandler Holt (1866), US District Court Judge
Henry Morton Dexter (1867), clergyman, editor, author
Albert Elijah Dunning (1867), American theologian and author
Thomas Hedge (1867), US Representative from Iowa
George Peabody Wetmore (1867), US Senator and Governor of Rhode Island
Chauncey Bunce Brewster (1868), Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Connecticut
LeBaron Bradford Colt (1868), US Senator and Circuit Court Judge
Wilson Shannon Bissell (1869), Postmaster General
William H. Welch (1870), Dean of Johns Hopkins University
Frederick Collin (1871), judge, mayor of Elmira, New York
Edwin Forrest Sweet (1871), US Representative from Michigan
Thomas Thacher (1871), lawyer
William Kneeland Townsend (1871), US Appeals Court judge
George Foot Moore (1872), author, Professor of theology at Harvard University
Theodore Salisbury Woolsey (1872), co-founder of the Yale Review, professor of international law
Eben Alexander (1873), American scholar, educator, dean and ambassador
Samuel Oscar Prentice (1873), Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Connecticut
Frank Bigelow Tarbell (1873), classicist, professor of Greek and history at Yale, Harvard, and the University of Chicago
Almet Francis Jenks (1875), Justice of the New York Supreme Court
John Patton, Jr. (1875), US Senator
Edward Curtis Smith (1875), Governor of Vermont
Walker Blaine (1876), United States Department of State official
Charles Newell Fowler (1876), US Representative from New Jersey
Arthur Twining Hadley (1876), Yale President 1899–1921
Roger Sherman Baldwin Foster (1878), lawyer and author
Tudor Storrs Jenks (1878), author
William Howard Taft (1878), 27th President of the United States, Chief Justice of the United States, Secretary of War
Edward Baldwin Whitney (1878), New York Supreme Court justice
Lloyd Wheaton Bowers (1879), Solicitor General of the United States
Ambrose Tighe (1879), member Minnesota House of Representatives
Timothy Lester Woodruff (1879), Lieutenant Governor of New York
Walter Camp (1880), father of American football and exercise proponent
Sidney Catlin Partridge (1880) Bishop of Kyoto, Japan, Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of West Missouri
Henry Waters Taft (1880), lawyer, Cadwalader, Wickersham & Taft
Edwin Edgerton Aiken (1881), missionary
Thomas Burr Osborne (1881), chemist, co-discoverer of Vitamin A
Benjamin Brewster (1882), Bishop of Maine and Missionary Bishop of Western Colorado
William Phelps Eno (1882), traffic planner called the “Father of Traffic Safety”
Elihu Brintnal Frost (1883), lawyer, president of several early submarine companies
Eliakim Hastings Moore (1883), mathematician, namesake of the Moore–Penrose pseudoinverse
Joseph Robinson Parrott (1883), president of the Florida East Coast Railway
Horace Dutton Taft (1883), educator, founder of the Taft School
Wilbur Franklin Booth (1884), US federal judge
Maxwell Evarts (1884), member of the Vermont House of Representatives, attorney for E. H. Harriman
Frank Bosworth Brandegee (1885), US Representative and Senator
Alfred Cowles, Jr. (1886), lawyer, director Chicago Tribune
Edward Johnson Phelps (1886), president of Northern Trust Safe Deposit Company
Clinton Larue Hare (1887), lawyer, college football coach
George Griswold Haven, Jr. (1887), businessman
Oliver Gould Jennings (1887), financier, member of Connecticut House of Representatives
William Kent (1887), United States Congressman for California
Irving Fisher (1888), economist and eugenicist
Richard Melancthon Hurd (1888), real estate executive
Amos Alonzo Stagg (1888), college football Hall of Fame coach
Charles Otis Gill (1888), clergyman, author, college football coach
Henry L. Stimson (1888), Governor-General of the Philippines, US Secretary of War, US Secretary of State
Gifford Pinchot (1889), First Chief of U.S. Forest Service
George Washington Woodruff (1889), College Hall of Fame football coach, Acting Secretary of the Interior and Pennsylvania Attorney General
Thomas F. Bayard, Jr. (1890), US Senator
Fairfax Harrison (1890), president Southern Railway Company
Percy Hamilton Stewart (1890), US Representative from New Jersey
Frederic Collin Walcott (1891), US Senator
Hugh Aiken Bayne (1892), lawyer Strong & Cadwalader, Adjutant General’s Office and War Department during World War I
Howell Cheney (1892), manufacturer, founded Howell Cheney Technical High School
Benjamin Lewis Crosby, Jr. (1892), law student and football coach
Clive Day (1892), Professor of economic history at Yale
Henry S. Graves (1892), co-founder and first Dean of Yale School of Forestry, 2nd chief of the U.S. Forest Service, founding member and 4th president of the Society of American Foresters
James William Husted, Jr. (1892), US Representative
Pierre Jay (1892), first chairman of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York
Thomas Lee McClung (1892), Treasurer of the United States, College Football Hall of Fame player
Edson Fessenden Gallaudet (1893), aviation pioneer
Thomas Cochran (1894), partner in J.P. Morgan & Company
Ralph Delahaye Paine (1894), journalist and author
Harry Payne Whitney (1894), investment banker, husband of Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney
Frank Seiler Butterworth (1895), member Connecticut State Senate, All-American football player and coach
Francis Burton Harrison (1895), US Representative from New York, Governor-General of the Philippines
Frank Augustus Hinkey (1895), zinc smelting business, College Football Hall of Fame player and coach
Jules Henri de Sibour (1896), architect
Anson Phelps Stokes (1896), clergyman and Secretary of Yale University (1899–1921)
Samuel Brinckerhoff Thorne (1896), mining engineer and executive, College Football Hall of Fame
Henry Sloane Coffin (1897), president of the Union Theological Seminary
Clarence Mann Fincke (1897), All-America football player
Amos Richards Eno Pinchot (1897), Progressive leader
James Wolcott Wadsworth Jr. (1898), U.S. Senator from New York
William Payne Whitney (1898), Whitney family businessman and philanthropist
James McDevitt Magee (1899), US Representative from Pennsylvania
Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt I (1899), member of the Vanderbilt family
Frederick Baldwin Adams (1900), railroad executive
Ashley Day Leavitt (1900), Congregational minister, Harvard Congregational Church, Brookline, Massachusetts, frequent lecturer and public speaker
Percy Rockefeller (1900), director of Brown Brothers Harriman, Standard Oil and Remington Arms
Charles Edward Adams (1904), director of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York
Russell Cheney (1904), American painter and noted portrait artist.
Thomas Day Thacher (1904), US District Court judge, Solicitor General
John Gillespie Magee (1906), Yale Chaplain, documenter of the Rape of Nanking
Foster Rockwell (1906), All-America football player and coach
William McCormick Blair (1907), American financier, heir to the McCormick fortune
Hugh Smith Knox (1907), All-America football player
Samuel Finley Brown Morse (1907), developer and conservationist, All-America football player
Lucius Horatio Biglow (1908), All-America football player and coach
Charles Seymour (1908), President of Yale (1937–1951), founding member of The Council on Foreign Relations
Harold Stanley (1908), co-founder of Morgan Stanley
Harvey Hollister Bundy (1909), Assistant Secretary of State (1931–1933)
Allen Trafford Klots (1909), New York City lawyer and president of the New York City Bar Association, partner at Winthrop & Stimson
Edward Harris Coy (1910), College Football Hall of Fame player
Albert DeSilver (1910), co-founder American Civil Liberties Union
George Leslie Harrison (1910), President of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York
Stephen Philbin (1910), All-American football player, lawyer
Robert Alphonso Taft (1910), US Senator from Ohio
Robert Abbe Gardner (1912), two-time U.S. Amateur-winning golfer:142
Gerald Clery Murphy (1912), painter
Alfred Cowles III (1913), economist, founder of the Cowles Commission
Averell Harriman (1913), businessman, founding partner in Harriman Brothers & Company and later Brown Brothers Harriman & Co., U.S. Ambassador and Secretary of Commerce, Governor of New York, Chairman and CEO of the Union Pacific Railroad, Brown Brothers & Harriman, and the Southern Pacific Railroad
Henry Holman Ketcham (1914), College Football Hall of Fame
Edwin Arthur Burtt (1915), philosopher
Archibald MacLeish (1915), poet and diplomat
Wesley Marion Oler, Jr. (1916), American baseball player and track and field athlete, competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics
Howard Phelps Putnam (1916), poet
Donald Ogden Stewart (1916), author and screenwriter, Academy Award-winner for The Philadelphia Story
Prescott Bush (1917), founding partner in Brown Brothers Harriman & Co., US Senator from Connecticut
Roland Harriman (1917), co-founder Harriman Brothers & Company
Harry William LeGore (1917), All-America college football player
Neil Mallon (1917), CEO of Dresser Industries
Kenneth Farrand Simpson (1917), member of the United States House of Representatives from New York:144
Howard Malcolm Baldrige (1918), US Representative from Nebraska
Trubee Davison (1918), WWI aviator, Assistant US Secretary of War, New York State Representative, Director of Personnel at the CIA
John Chipman Farrar (1918), publisher, founder of Farrar & Rinehart and Farrar, Straus and Giroux
Artemus Lamb Gates (1918), businessman, US Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Air
Robert A. Lovett (1918), US Secretary of Defense
Charles Phelps Taft II (1918), son of President William Howard Taft, Mayor of Cincinnati, Ohio
John Martin Vorys (1918), US Representative from Ohio
Alexander Agnew McCormick, Jr. (1919), US Navy officer, namesake of the USS McCormick
Lewis Greenleaf Adams (1920), architect
Briton Hadden (1920), co-founder of Time-Life Enterprises
Francis Thayer Hobson (1920), chair of William Morrow
David Sinton Ingalls (1920), WWI Navy Flying Ace, Ohio State Representative, Assistant Secretary of the Navy
Henry Luce (1920), co-founder of Time-Life Enterprises
Charles Harvey Bradley, Jr. (1921), businessman
Stanley Woodward (1922), US Foreign Service officer, State Department Chief of Protocol, US Ambassador to Canada
John Sherman Cooper (1923), US Senator from Kentucky
Russell Wheeler Davenport (1923), editor of Fortune magazine; created Fortune 500 list
O. Matthiessen (1923), historian, literary critic
Edwin Foster Blair (1924), lawyer
Walter Edwards Houghton (1924), historian of Victorian literature, compiler of The Wellesley Index to Victorian Periodicals, 1824–1900
Charles Merville Spofford (1924), lawyer and NATO official
John Allen Miner Thomas (1924), author
Marvin Allen Stevens (1925), orthopedic surgeon, College Football Hall of Fame player and coach
James Jeremiah Wadsworth (1927), diplomat, US Ambassador to the UN
George Herbert Walker, Jr. (1927), financier and co-founder of the New York Mets; uncle to President George Herbert Walker Bush
John Rockefeller Prentice (1928), lawyer and cattle breeder
Lanny Ross (1928), singer.
Granger Kent Costikyan (1929), partner Brown Brothers Harriman
George Crile, Jr. (1929), surgeon
Ralph Delahaye Paine, Jr. (1929), editor and publisher (Fortune)
Charles Alderson Janeway (1930), Professor of Pediatrics at Harvard Medical School
J. Heinz II (1931), Heir to H. J. Heinz Company; father of H. John Heinz III
Lewis Abbot Lapham (1931), banking and shipping executive
John Mercer Walker, Sr. (1931), physician, investment banker
Frederick Baldwin Adams, Jr. (1932), bibliophile, director of the Pierpont Morgan Library
Samuel Hazard Gillespie Jr. (1932), U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York, senior counsel at Davis Polk & Wardwell
Tex McCrary (1932), journalist, public relations and political strategist to President Eisenhower
Eugene O’Neill, Jr. (1932), professor of Greek literature, son of Eugene O’Neill
Francis Judd Cooke (1933), composer
Samuel Carnes Collier (1935), advertising, racecar driver
Lyman Spitzer (1935), theoretical physicist and namesake of the NASA Spitzer Space Telescope
Sonny Tufts (1935), actor
Jonathan Brewster Bingham (1936), U.S. Representative (D-New York)
Brendan Gill (1936), author and New Yorker contributor
John Hersey (1936), author
John Merrill Knapp (1936), musicologist, professor at Princeton University
William Horsley Orrick, Jr. (1937), United States federal judge, brother of Andrew Downey Orrick
Potter Stewart (1937), U.S. Supreme Court Justice
Richardson Dilworth (1938), Rockefeller family lawyer
Clinton Frank (1938), advertising, College Football Hall of Fame and Heisman Trophy-winning player
Albert Hessberg II (1938), lawyer, first Jewish member of Skull and Bones
William P. Bundy (1939), State Department liaison for the Bay of Pigs invasion, brother of McGeorge Bundy
William Welch Kellogg (1939), climatologist, associate director National Center for Atmospheric Research
McGeorge Bundy (1940), Special Assistant for National Security Affairs; National Security Advisor; Professor of History, brother of William Bundy
Andrew Downey Orrick (1940), acting chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission
Barry Zorthian (1941), American diplomat, most notably press officer in Saigon for 4-1/2 years during Vietnam War
David Acheson (1943), author, lawyer, son of Dean Acheson
Harold Harris Healy, Jr. (1943), lawyer, partner Debevoise & Plimpton
James L. Buckley (1944), U.S. Senator (R-New York 1971–1977) and brother of William F. Buckley, Jr.
John Bannister Goodenough (1944), solid-state physicist at the University of Texas at Austin
Townsend Walter Hoopes II (1944), historian, Under Secretary of the Air Force (1967–69)
William Singer Moorhead (1944), US Representative from Pennsylvania
James Whitmore (1944), actor
John Chafee (1947), U.S. Senator, Secretary of the Navy and Governor of Rhode Island, father of Lincoln Chafee
Josiah Augustus Spaulding (1947), lawyer, partner Bingham Dana & Gould
Charles S. Whitehouse (1947), CIA Agent (1947–1956), U.S. Ambassador to Laos and Thailand in the 1970s.
Thomas William Ludlow Ashley (1948), US Representative from Ohio
George H. W. Bush (1948), 41st President of the United States, 11th Director of Central Intelligence (CIA), son of Prescott Bush, father of George W. Bush. His Skull and Bones nickname was “Magog”.
William Sloane Coffin (1949), CIA agent (1950–1953), clergyman and peace activist (laughable, right?)
Daniel Pomeroy Davison (1949), banker, president United States Trust Corporation
Tony Lavelli (1949), basketball player
David McCord Lippincott (1949), novelist and composer
Charles Edwin Lord II (1949), banker, Vice-Chairman of the Export-Import Bank of the US
William F. Buckley, Jr. (1950), founder of National Review, 41 former CIA officer
William Henry Draper III (1950), Chair of United Nations Development Programme and Export-Import Bank of the United States
Evan G. Galbraith (1950), US Ambassador to France; managing director of Morgan Stanley
Thomas Henry Guinzburg (1950), president Viking Press
Victor William Henningsen, Jr. (1950), president Henningsen Foods Inc.
Raymond Price (1951), speechwriter for Presidents Nixon, Ford, and Bush.
Fergus Reid Buckley (1952), author and public speaker
Charles Sherman Haight, Jr. (1952), Connecticut District Court judge
Jonathan James Bush (1953), banker, son of Prescott Bush
William H. Donaldson (1953), appointed chairman of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission by George W. Bush; founding dean of Yale School of Management; co-founder of DLJ investment firm
John Birnie Marshall (1953), Olympic medal-winning swimmer
James Price McLane (1953), Olympic medal-winning swimmer
George Herbert Walker III (1953), US Ambassador to Hungary
David McCullough (1955), U.S. historian; two-time Pulitzer Prize winner
Caldwell Blakeman Esselstyn, Jr. (1956), Olympic medal-winning rower, physician, author
Jack Edwin McGregor (1956), Pennsylvania State Senator, founder Pittsburgh Penguins
Inslee Clark, Jr. (1957), former Director of Undergraduate Admissions for Yale College; former Headmaster of Horace Mann School:153, 176
Linden Stanley Blue (1958), aviation executive
Robert Willis Morey, Jr. (1958), Olympic medal-winning rower
Stephen Adams (1959), American businessman, founder Adams Outdoor
Winston Lord (1959), Chairman of Council on Foreign Relations; Ambassador to China; Assistant U.S. Secretary of State
Eugene Lytton Scott (1960), tennis player, founder Tennis Week
Michael Johnson Pyle (1960), National Football League player
John Joseph Walsh, Jr. (1961), art historian, director J. Paul Getty Museum
William Hamilton (1962), New Yorker cartoonist
David L. Boren (1963), Governor of Oklahoma, U.S. Senator, President of the University of Oklahoma
Michael Gates Gill (1963), advertising executive, author
William Dawbney Nordhaus (1963), Sterling Professor of Economics at Yale University
Orde Musgrave Coombs (1965), author, editor, first black member of Skull and Bones
John Shattuck (1965), US diplomat and ambassador, university administrator
John Forbes Kerry (1966), U.S. Senator (D-Massachusetts 1985–2013); Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts 1983–1985; 2004 Democratic Presidential nominee; 68th United States Secretary of State 2013–present
David Rumsey (1966), founder of the David Rumsey Map Collection and president of Cartography Associates
Frederick Wallace Smith (1966), founder of FedEx
David Thorne (1966), United States Ambassador to Italy
Victor Ashe (1967), Tennessee State Senator and Representative, Mayor of Knoxville, Tennessee, US Ambassador to Poland
Roy Leslie Austin (1968), appointed ambassador to Trinidad and Tobago by George W. Bush
David Kent Mills (Psychologist, Nazi hunter) (1963), Troy OH Golden Gloves champ, Skull and Bones Nickname – The Enforcer
George W. Bush (1968), grandson of Prescott Bush; son of George H. W. Bush; 46th Governor of Texas; 43rd President of the United States. His nickname was “Temporary” since he failed to choose a name.
Rex William Cowdry (1968), Acting Director National Institute of Mental Health (1994–96)
Robert McCallum, Jr (1968), Ambassador to Australia
Don Schollander (1968), developer; author; US Olympic Hall of Fame inductee; four-time Olympic Gold medallist swimmer
Brian John Dowling (1969), National Football League player, inspiration for B.D. in Doonesbury
Stephen Allen Schwarzman (1969), co-founder of The Blackstone Group
Douglas Preston Woodlock (1969), US federal judge.
Charles Herbert Levin (1971), actor
George Lewis (1974), trombonist and composer
Christopher Taylor Buckley (1975), author, editor, chief speechwriter for Vice President George H. W. Bush
Robert William Kagan (1980), co-founder of the Project for the New American Century
Michael Cerveris (1983), American singer, guitarist and actor
Earl G. Graves, Jr. (1984), president of Black Enterprise
Edward S. Lampert (1984), founder of ESL Investments; chairman of Sears Holdings Corporation:180
James Emanuel Boasberg (1985), judge, United States District Court for the District of Columbia
Keith Benham (1988), information retained on file by Society
Paul Giamatti (1989), Academy Award-nominated American actor
1990s to present
Dana Milbank (1990), political reporter for The Washington Post
Austan Goolsbee (1991), staff director and chief economist of Barack Obama‘s Economic Recovery Advisory Board
Skull and Bones is an undergraduate senior secret society at Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut. It is the oldest senior class landed society at Yale. The society’s alumni organization, the Russell Trust Association, owns the society’s real estate and oversees the organization. The society is known informally as “Bones”, and members are known as “Bonesmen”.
Skull and Bones was founded in 1832 after a dispute between Yale debating societies Linonia, Brothers in Unity, and the Calliopean Society over that season’s Phi Beta Kappa awards. It was co-founded by William Huntington Russell and Alphonso Taft as “the Order of the Scull and Bones”.
The society’s assets are managed by the society’s alumni organization, the Russell Trust Association, incorporated in 1856 and named after the Bones co-founder. The association was founded by Russell and Daniel Coit Gilman, a Skull and Bones member, and later president of the University of California, first president of Johns Hopkins University, and the founding president of the Carnegie Institution.
The first extended description of Skull and Bones, published in 1871 by Lyman Bagg in his book Four Years at Yale, noted that “the mystery now attending its existence forms the one great enigma which college gossip never tires of discussing.”
Brooks Mather Kelley attributed the interest in Yale senior societies to the fact that underclassmen members of then freshman, sophomore, and junior class societies returned to campus the following years and could share information about society rituals, while graduating seniors were, with their knowledge of such, at least a step removed from campus life.
Skull and Bones selects new members among students every spring as part of Yale University’s “Tap Day”, and has done so since 1879. Since the society’s inclusion of women in the early 1990s, Skull and Bones selects fifteen men and women of the junior class to join the society. Skull and Bones “taps” those that it views as campus leaders and other notable figures for its membership.
The building was built in three phases: the first wing was built in 1856, the second wing in 1903, and Davis-designed Neo-Gothic towers were added to the rear garden in 1912. The front and side facades are of Portland brownstone in an Egypto-Doric style. The 1912 tower additions created a small enclosed courtyard in the rear of the building, designed by Evarts Tracy and Edgerton Swartwout of Tracy and Swartwout, New York.
Evarts was not a Bonesman, but his paternal grandmother, Martha Sherman Evarts, and maternal grandmother, Mary Evarts, were the sisters of William Maxwell Evarts, an 1837 Bonesman.
The architectural attribution of the original hall is in dispute. The architect was possibly Alexander Jackson Davis or Henry Austin. Architectural historian Patrick Pinnell includes an in-depth discussion of the dispute over the identity of the original architect in his 1999 Yale campus history.
Pinnell speculates that the re-use of the Davis towers in 1911 suggests Davis’s role in the original building and, conversely, Austin was responsible for the architecturally similar brownstone Egyptian Revival Grove Street Cemetery gates, built in 1845. Pinnell also discusses the “Tomb’s” aesthetic place in relation to its neighbors, including the Yale University Art Gallery.
In the late 1990s, New Hampshire landscape architects Saucier and Flynn designed the wrought iron fence that currently surrounds a portion of the complex.
The society owns and manages Deer Island, an island retreat on the St. Lawrence River. Alexandra Robbins, author of a book on Yale secret societies, wrote:
The forty-acre retreat is intended to give Bonesmen an opportunity to “get together and rekindle old friendships.” A century ago the island sported tennis courts and its softball fields were surrounded by rhubarb plants and gooseberry bushes. Catboats waited on the lake. Stewards catered elegant meals. But although each new Skull and Bones member still visits Deer Island, the place leaves something to be desired. “Now it is just a bunch of burned-out stone buildings,” a patriarch sighs. “It’s basically ruins.” Another Bonesman says that to call the island “rustic” would be to glorify it. “It’s a dump, but it’s beautiful.”
— Alexandra Robbins
Skull and Bones’s membership developed a reputation in association with the “Power Elite“. Regarding the qualifications for membership, Lanny Davis wrote in the 1968 Yale yearbook:
If the society had a good year, this is what the “ideal” group will consist of: a football captain; a Chairman of the Yale Daily News; a conspicuous radical; a Whiffenpoof; a swimming captain; a notorious drunk with a 94 average; a film-maker; a political columnist; a religious group leader; a Chairman of the Lit; a foreigner; a ladies’ man with two motorcycles; an ex-service man; a negro, if there are enough to go around; a guy nobody else in the group had heard of, ever …
— Lanny Davis, quoted by Alexandra Robbins
Like other Yale senior societies, Skull and Bones membership was almost exclusively limited to white Protestant males for much of its history. While Yale itself had exclusionary policies directed at particular ethnic and religious groups, the senior societies were even more exclusionary. While some Catholics were able to join such groups, Jews were more often not.
Some of these excluded groups eventually entered Skull and Bones by means of sports, through the society’s practice of tapping standout athletes. Star football players included the first Jewish (Al Hessberg, class of 1938) and African-American (Levi Jackson, class of 1950, who turned down the invitation for the Berzelius Society) students to be tapped for Skull and Bones.
Yale became coeducational in 1969, yet Skull and Bones remained fully male until 1992. The Bones class of 1971’s attempt to tap women for membership was opposed by Bones alumni, who dubbed them the “bad club” and quashed their attempt. “The issue”, as it came to be called by Bonesmen, was debated for decades.
The class of 1991 tapped seven female members for membership in the next year’s class, causing conflict with their own alumni association, the Russell Trust.
The Trust changed the locks on the Tomb and the Bonesmen instead met in the Manuscript Society building.
A mail-in vote by members decided 368-320 to permit women in the society, but a group of alumni led by William F. Buckley obtained a temporary restraining order to block the move, arguing that a formal change in bylaws was needed.
Other alumni, such as John Kerry and R. Inslee Clark, Jr., spoke out in favor of admitting women. The dispute was highlighted on an editorial page of The New York Times. A second alumni vote, in October 1991, agreed to accept the Class of 1992, and the lawsuit was dropped.
Judith Ann Schiff, Chief Research Archivist at the Yale University Library, has written: “The names of its members weren’t kept secret — that was an innovation of the 1970s — but its meetings and practices were.”
While resourceful researchers could assemble member data from these original sources, in 1985, an anonymous source leaked rosters to Antony C. Sutton. This membership information was kept privately for over 15 years, as Sutton feared that the photocopied pages could somehow identify the member who leaked it. He wrote a book on the group, America’s Secret Establishment: An Introduction to the Order of Skull and Bones. The information was finally reformatted as an appendix in the book Fleshing out Skull and Bones, a compilation edited by Kris Millegan and published in 2003.
Among prominent alumni are former President and Supreme Court Justice William Howard Taft (a founder’s son); former Presidents George H. W. Bush and his son, George W. Bush; Supreme Court Justices Morrison R. Waite and Potter Stewart; James Jesus Angleton, “mother of the Central Intelligence Agency“; Henry Stimson, U.S. Secretary of War (1940-1945); U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert A. Lovett, who directed the Korean War, William B. Washburn, Governor of Massachusetts; and Henry Luce, founder and publisher of Time, Life, Fortune, and Sports Illustrated magazines.
John Kerry, U.S. Secretary of State and former U.S. Senator; Stephen A. Schwarzman, founder of Blackstone Group; Austan Goolsbee, Chairman of Barack Obama’s Council of Economic Advisers; Harold Stanley, co-founder of Morgan Stanley; and Frederick W. Smith, founder of FedEx, are all reported to be members.
More info on Skull And Bones:
Millegan, Kris, ed. Fleshing Out Skull and Bones: Investigations into America’s Most Powerful Secret Society. Walterville, OR: Trine Day, 2003. ISBN 0-9720207-2-1
Sutton, Antony C. America’s Secret Establishment: An Introduction to the Order of Skull & Bones. Walterville, OR: Trine Day, 2003. ISBN 0-9720207-0-5
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